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Programmed by Vladislav Staroselskiy



Lynn Flowers, Ph.D.

Adjunct Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Georgetown University

B.A. -- University of North Carolina at Greensboro, 1980, Phys. Psychology
M.A. -- University of North Carolina at Greensboro, 1985, Phys. Psychology
Ph.D. -- University of North Carolina at Greensboro,1989, Phys. Psychology

Dr. Flowers is a licensed practicing psychologist, instructor of traumatic brain injury, and health care provider. Her professional interests include neuroimaging, developmental disorders, and the neurobehavior of psychopathology and drug use. Clinical interests include attention deficit disorder and reading deficit disorders. She is the co-investigator in an NIH funded study on genotypic and phenotypic heterogeneity in dyslexia as well as the co-investigator in a study researching regional brain activation during cocaine abstinence.

Book Chapters and Invited Articles:

  1. Turkeltaub, P.E., Weisberg, J., Flowers, D.L. Basu, D and Eden, G.F. (2005). The Neurobiological Basis of Reading: A Special Case of Skill Acquisition. In: Catts, H., & Kahmi, A. (Eds.) The connections between language and reading disabilities, pp103-130. Mahway, NJ: Erlbaum.
  2. Eden, G.F. and Flowers, D.L (2008) Developmental Dyslexia, In: C. A. Nelson and M. Luciana Handbook of Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, MIT Press.
  3. Eden, G.F. and Flowers, D.L (2008) Developmental Dyslexia, In L. S. Squire, T. Albright, F. Bloom, F. Gage, and N. Spitzer, New Encyclopedia of Neuroscience, Elsevier, Oxford UK.


  1. Naylor CE, Wood FB, Flowers DL. (1990) Physiological correlates of reading disability. In: G Pavlidis (ed.), Perspectives on Dyslexia, Vol I. Chichester: John Wiley and Sons.
  2. Wood FB, Flowers DL. (1990) Hyperfrontality versus hypofrontality in schizophrenia. Schizoph Bull; 16:413-424.
  3. Wood FB, Flowers DL, Naylor CE. (1990) Cerebral laterality in functional neuroimaging. In: F Kitterle (ed.), Cerebral laterality theory and research: The Toledo Symposium. New Jersey: Laurence-Erlbaum Publisher; 103-116.
  4. Flowers DL, Wood FB, Naylor CE. (1991) Regional cerebral blood flow correlates of language processes in reading disability. Arch of Neurol; 48:637-643.
  5. Wood F, Felton R, Flowers L, Naylor C. (1991) Neurobehavioral definition of dyslexia. In: DD Duane, DB Gray (eds.), The reading brain. Baltimore: York Press; 1-25.
  6. Wood F, Flowers L, Buchsbaum M, Tallal P. (1991) Investigation of abnormal left temporal functioning in dyslexia through rCBF, auditory evoked potentials, and positron emission tomography. Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal; 4: 81-95.
  7. Hagman JO, Wood F, Buchsbaum MS, Tallal P, Flowers L, Katz W. (1992) Cerebral brain metabolism in adult dyslexics assessed with positron emission tomography during performance of an auditory task. Arch of Neurol;49: 734-739.
  8. Flowers DL. (1993) Biological basis for reading disability: A review of work in progress. J of Learn Disabil; 26:575-582.
  9. Kramer SI, Flowers DL, Elster A. (1993) Callosal degeneration: Case study and
    new formulation. Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience; 5: 445.
  10. Flowers, DL. (1994) Neuropsychological profiles of persistent reading disability and reading improvement. In: C.K.Leong and R.M. Joshi (eds.), Developmental and acquired dyslexia: Neuropsychological and neurolinguistic perspectives. Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers: 61-77.
  11. Flowers, D.L. (1995). Neuropsychological profiles of persistent reading disability and reading improvement. In C.K. Leong & R. M. Joshi (eds.), Developmental and Acquired Dyslexia. Kluwer Academic Publishers; Netherlands, pp. 61-77.
  12. Wood F.B., Garrett A.S., Hart L.A., Flowers D.L., Absher, J.R. (1996). Event related potential correlates of glucose metabolism in normal adults during a cognitive activation task. In R.W. Thatcher,G.R. Lyon, J. Rumsey, N. Krasnegor (eds.), Developmental Neuroimaging; Mapping the Development of Brain and Behavior, Academic Press; New York, NY, pp. 197-206.
  13. Fahey F.H., Wood F.B., Flowers D.L., Eades C.G., Gage H.D., Harkness B.A. (1998). Evaluation of brain activation in FDG PET studies. Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography, 22(6), 953-961.
  14. Wood F.B. & Flowers D.L. (1999). Functional neuroanatomy in dyslexic subtypes. In D.D. Duane (Ed.), Reading and attention disorders: Neurobiological correlates. York Press: Baltimore, Maryland, pp. 129-159
  15. Garrett A.S., Flowers D.L., Absher J.R., Fahey F.H., Gage H.D., Keyes J.W., Porrino L.J., Wood F.B. (1999). Cortical activity related to accuracy of letter recognition. NeuroImage, 11, 111-123.
  16. Wood F.B., Flowers D.L. (2000). Dyslexia: Conceptual issues and psychiatric comorbidity. In M. Ernst & J. Rumsey (eds.), Functional Neuroimaging in Child Psychiatry. Cambridge University Press; Cambridge, 266-277.
  17. Absher J.R., Hart L.A., Flowers D.L., Dagenback D., Wood F.B. (2000). Event related potentials correlate with task-dependent glucose metabolism. NeuroImage.
  18. Flowers L, Meyer M, Lovato J, Felton R, & Wood F. (2001) Does third grade discrepancy status predict the course of reading development? Annals of Dyslexia: 50, 1-23.
  19. Wood FB, Flowers Dl, Grigorenko, E. (2001) The functional neuroanatomy of fluency or why walking is just as important to reading as talking is. In Wolf M, (ed.), Dyslexia, Fluency, and the Brain. York Press: Baltimore, Maryland: 235- 244.
  20. Turkeltaub, P. E., Gareau, L., Flowers, D. L., Zeffiro, T. A., Eden, G. F. (2003). Development of neural mechanisms for reading. Nature Neuroscience, 6(7):767-73.
  21. Flowers D.L., Jones K., Noble K., VanMeter J.W., Zeffiro T.A., Wood F.B., Eden G.F. (2004). Attention to single letters activates left extrastriate cortex. NeuroImage, 21(3), 829-839.
  22. Turkeltaub, P.E., D. L. Flowers, A. Verbalis, M. Miranda, L.Gareau and G.F. Eden (2004). The neural basis of hyperlexic reading: an fMRI case study. Neuron, 41, pp 1-20
  23. Eden, G. F., Jones, K.M., Cappell, K., Gareau, L., Wood, F.B., Zeffiro, T.A., Dietz, N.A.E., Agnew, J.A. and Flowers, D.L. (2004). Neural changes following remediation in adult developmental dyslexia, Neuron, 44 (3), 411-422.
  24. Turkeltaub, P.E., Weisberg, J., Flowers, D.L. Basu, D and Eden, G.F. (2004) The Neurobiological Basis of Reading: A Special Case of Skill Acquisition, In: Developmental Language Disorders: from Phenotypes to Etiologies. Rice and Catts (Eds.), Lawrence Erlbaum.
  25. Hairston W, Burdette J, Flowers DL, Wood F, and Wallace M. Altered temporal profile of visual-auditory multisensory interactions in dyslexia. Experimental Brain Research, 166(3-4):474-80.
  26. Wood F.B., Hill D.F., Meyer M.S., Hill D.F. and Flowers D.L. (2005). Predictive Assessment of Reading. Annals of Dyslexia, 55(2),193-216.
  27. Chait M, Eden GF, Poeppel D, Simon JZ, Hill DF and Flowers DL (2006). Delayed detection of tonal targets in background noise in dyslexia. Brain and Language, 102(1):80-90.
  28. Toole, J.F., Flowers, D.L., Burdette, J.H., Absher, J.R. (2007). A pianist's recovery from stroke. Archive of Neurology. 64(8):1184-8.
  29. Maisog, J.M., Einbinder, E.R., Turkeltaub, P.E., Flowers, D.L., and Eden, G.F. (2008). A meta-analysis of reading in developmental dyslexia. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1145:237-59.
  30. Turkeltaub, P.E., Flowers, D.L., Lyon, L.G., Eden, G.F. (2008). Development of ventral stream representations for single letters. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1145:13-29.
  31. Krafnick, A.J., Flowers, D.L., Napoliello, E.M., Eden, G.F. (2011). Gray matter volume changes following reading intervention in dyslexic children. Neuroimage, 1;57(3):733-41.
  32. Olulade, O.A., Flowers, D.L., Napolielo, E.M., Eden, G.F. (2012) Developmental differences for word processing in the ventral stream. Brain and Language. 2012 May 5. [Epub ahead of print]
  33. Evans TM, Flowers DL, Napoliello EM, Eden GF. (2013). Sex-specific gray matter volume differences in females with developmental dyslexia. Brain Struct Funct. 2013 Apr 27. [Epub ahead of print]
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